Rochester waste collection and disposal services

Almost the entire Rochester population has access to waste collection and disposal services according to the municipal estimates from 2018.

Faced with the difficulties of managing urban services, priority is thus given to the quantitative question (access for the greatest number), at the expense of the qualitative aspect (effectiveness of treatment). As a first step, the authorities of the urban agglomeration of Rochester therefore focused on providing an efficient household waste collection service.

It was only later, still following this model of effective public management, that the authorities addressed the need to eliminate solid waste. Once the issue of collection is better managed, once the very short-term health risk linked to the permanence of waste in the midst of the inhabitants is limited, it is possible to move on to the next step.

This was initiated in Rochester in 2010 with the promulgation of the Solid Waste Law. It sets out more precisely the responsibilities of the various actors at the level of each technical stage of waste management, as well as the processes that must be used.

The law thus specifies that solid household waste must be sent and disposed of in a controlled landfill.

The agglomeration of Rochester is managed at two levels in charge of the management of the metropolitan territory, thus empowering five controlled landfills to receive the city’s waste. One was authorized by the municipality of Irondequoit, three others by that of Rochester and a last by the municipality of Greece (located on the outskirts of the urban area).

Thus, in less than ten years, waste management has greatly improved in Rochester. Before the application of the 2010 law, waste was mainly collected, then directly dumped in illegal dumps by the municipalities , lack of infrastructure suitable for their reception.

In 2018, according to municipal estimates, 86% of the city’s waste ended up in the five authorized controlled landfills. While this figure can still be improved, the trend is very positive, thus placed in the average of the American cities as for the rate of controlled and correctly treated waste.

Waste treatment is then done by landfill

While many countries are seeking to reduce the use of this technique, landfill in Rochester helps limit the spread of waste, plastics, leachate infiltration or gas emissions. This is therefore a significant step forward. After removing the waste and limiting the short-term health risk, Rochester was able to control landfill and store it more appropriately. The long-term environmental risk is thus better controlled, even if major difficulties persist.

The importance of Rochester local public authorities

The public management system exists in most districts of the city of Rochester.The well-to-do districts were the first to benefit from it. They were then followed by the middle-class neighborhoods and by certain sectors of the working-class neighborhoods which had gradually consolidated. Illegally constructed neighborhoods have gradually gained access to basic urban infrastructure (water, electricity, roads, waste collection, etc.).

About 50% of the dwellings in Rochester are of informal origin. From their creation, which began in the 1940s until today, these neighborhoods are gradually consolidating.

If 86% of household and similar waste produced by the inhabitants of Rochester ends up today in controlled landfills, that is to say is managed according to the public management system, it is because most of the old districts popular are consolidated.

However, a significant number of residents still do not have access to a waste management service, including from Rochester roll-off dumpsters as a rental service. In addition, residents with access to the service are not always served in good conditions.

Problems of frequency, distance to accommodation, poor truck equipment, etc. persist. One of the characteristics of Rochester is that this city is very fragmented politico-administratively, in particular because there are a large number of districts covering the metropolitan territory.

The collection and disposal of household waste is the responsibility of these district municipalities. Only the processing stage (controlled landfill) is the competence of the two municipalities of the state of New York, acting on a larger scale.

The seventh continent of plastic

What are the future paths for the future for the seventh plastic continent?

Could we consider less plastic packaging from the food and cosmetic industries? One can especially imagine increasing the research of new polymers. The coming years should encourage the use for packaging of biodegradable polymers, often of natural origin such as starch, cellulose, polylactic acid.

What future for the seventh plastic continent? Sometimes sea turtles mistake plastic bags for jellyfish, what a shame!

Biodegradable plastic

Biopolymers, chemically transformed, are frequently used to preserve specific properties useful for our human society. Unfortunately, they are only degradable in industrial composting units.

For the sea, there remains the hope of designing original materials, degrading quickly, without consequences for the environment, while retaining their properties of use.

The next Nobel Prize might be won by the scientist who will create a new form of plastic degradable in seawater. This is the key to solving the issue of waste at sea.

Each year a huge quantity of plastic materials ends up as wastage spoiling our the natural environment, including and most worryingly in our waterways and seas.

Just solving this crisis of our environment with effective junk removal solutions is not going to be sufficient and the issue must be tackled at the source. Let’s either reduce the quantity of plastics sent to the garbage bins, or make such products biodegradable at a much faster speed.

One possible approach for solving this environmental catastrophe in the making could be to use biodegradable harmless plastic items, which will take the place of the current petroleum derivative products uses in the manufacturing industry.

It is also possible to consider bacteria that would attack plastic materials, such as those which are capable of degrading up to road bitumen.

An original study on the degradation of three classes of plastics most found at sea, polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polyethylene (PE) and polypropylene (PP), is in progress at the microbial oceanography laboratory of Banyuls-sur-Mer (PlasticMicro project) (oceanological observatory of Banyuls-sur-Mer and PlasticMicro).

Note that a Tara mission, “Tara Mediterranean”, was launched in 2014, with a scientific component on “plastic pollution” coordinated by the Oceanography laboratory of Villefranche-sur-Mer (CNRS / UPMC) (quantification and qualification of waste, a study of organic pollutants). A 1-meter wide manta net placed 20 cm above and below the water surface will collect the plastic behind Tara over 15-minute sessions.

Preserving oceans from marine litter

The problem of marine litter is very complex, and everyone has a role to play. Scientists are helping to improve knowledge and identify possible solutions. The commitment of the policies is necessary to more quickly reach the objectives in the management of plastic waste (collection, sorting, and treatment).

A citizen attitude of “good practices” by all the industrialists concerned (producers and users of plastic materials) and their general participation in collective prevention actions should allow a significant reduction in damage.

However, neglect remains the worst of evils. Education and public awareness are, therefore, essential to preserve our environment, especially our oceans.

Use Your Brain or Lose it

When it comes to the brain, it’s use it or lose it. And no one knows this better than Ruth Curran.

It’s the luck of the draw, really. One minute you’re driving down a street heading for work and the next, you’re in intensive care unit with a traumatic brain injury. One day your father seems perfectly normal and the next, he introduces you as his son. You’re his daughter.

Brain health is something I never considered until my father was diagnosed with Alzheimer’s, an affliction that is top of mind for the Boomer cohort. That introduction anecdote? It happened to me. And like many Boomers, I’m concerned about my own brain health. The brain is our body’s command center and when it’s impaired, it affects everything we do, even breathing.

There’s no effective treatment or cure for Alzheimer’s yet, but—as we have learned from science and the many physical therapists who work with brain-injured patients, we may be able to stave off some of the worst of it by strategically using our brains. Because when it comes to the brain, it’s use it or lose it. And no one knows this better than Ruth Curran.

A decade ago, Curran, who has a master’s degree in psychology, suffered a traumatic brain injury during an automobile accident. What she learned about the brain and its power to recover can be put to use by anyone with any kind of brain deficit or cognitive impairment, and now can be. Her book Being Brain Healthy ( is out and it’s full of practical advice and simple brain-activating exercises that anyone can do to keep sharp.

Tune into all your senses every day, she advises. Our brains are both fueled and hindered by what we do every day. Being brain healthy means doing more of the things that add color and richness to life—amplifying them, so that we tune into the entire sensory experience. Here’s an example adapted from her book: Pick up a random item on your desk, perhaps a letter opener. Take the last letter of the name, “r,” and think of five things that begin with that letter: rice, raisins, rocks, robin, rack.

What category does it belong to? Office supplies. What other office supplies can you name? How else can a pen be used? These simple exercises that engage our brains can be done any time by anyone. They activate and strengthen the areas of the brain that process information. An active brain is a healthier brain, she points out. Just as we work out our physical body, we work on brain fitness. Her blog has dozens of fun games and exercises that double as brain activators, working to strengthen memory, attention and executive functioning.

Maybe you’ve noticed a disturbing personality change in a parent with Alzheimer’s or a friend who’s had a traumatic brain injury. It’s common. How does Curran advise we help? Drop all assumptions and preconceived notions about how that person ‘should’ be or was. Slow down, listen and watch closely and adapt to where they are at, because it is easier for you to adapt than for them to.

She points out that the ability to process information changes as the brain changes, so you may get unexpected responses to your questions. Think about how frustrating it is for you to communicate with them, then try to imagine how frustrating it is for them to be unable to formulate the right words or thoughts. She speaks from experience: that was her situation before she worked her way back using the techniques she writes about in her book. Most of all, find a way to enjoy the time you have with your loved one. She’s right. Love is a pretty good treatment for just about anything.

Combat Lower Back Pain Stiffness After Sitting

Sitting down whenever we have the opportunity to do so can help us feel more relaxed and settled. But cozying up for hours on a couch or on a chair all day long causes more problems than just an ordinary stiff neck, tight shoulder and back pain.

According to Joan Vernikos, a published author and former NASA scientist, people are not designed to stay and hold one position for any length of time. Eventually, doing so causes discomfort and pain.

She said that prolonged sitting can lead to health problems like back soreness, bone and muscle degeneration. In fact, this is a problem most astronauts suffer from after spending quite some time in microgravity.

Most people today are sitting down daily for ten hours or more. This stems from the fact that most of the working class citizens today, especially in the U.S. in Chicago and elsewhere are seated behind a desk, in front of a computer for eight hours. Unless you are a Chicago real estate broker that is, in which case you will often have the opportunity to walk during working hours when you make your clients visit flats or houses.

After work, the same people go home, prepare their dinners and sit down once again to enjoy their TV shows or read a good book. The illnesses that we have come to recognize today, such as obesity, diabetes, stroke, and cancer are caused by this kind of passive lifestyle.

Though these take years to develop, the back pain caused by sitting too much can immediately be felt, especially when you attempts to get up. So unless you are a Chicago real estate agent or an active worker in contruction or Phoenix waste disposal services, read on to see how you can reduce your back pain. Aside from the lifestyle diseases, here are other problems caused by chronic sitting down.

Pinched Nerve

Sitting for hours does help relax your body, but it does nothing for your nerves. It is not normal for the body to stay immobile for hours.

Because it is not normal for the body to stay immobile for hours, sitting down does nothing for your nerves. It can make you feel relaxed now, but this causes muscle strains and pinched nerves later on.

A “pinched nerve” occurs when too much compression is applied to a nerve root by its surrounding tissues. In this case, a herniated spinal disc can compress a nerve.

The good news is, a nerve that is pinched for a short time will leave no lasting damage. However, prolonged pressure on your nerves can cause permanent damage.

Kills Your Hip Function

Have you noticed that the longer you sit down, the more difficult it is to get back up? For you to stand, your muscles need to extend. But prolonged sitting places your hip joints into “flexion”. And because the muscles do not get enough movement, they remain locked.

Sitting down for many hours unfortunately kills the life of your muscles by shortening them. This means it makes it more difficult for your muscles to extend and flex, and in return, your back and hip muscles become stiff.

When your hip extensors are stiff and shortened, it locks the muscles located in front of your hips called the hip flexors. If you allow this to happen, you are basically causing yourself back pain and disrupting your hip’s full range of motion.

Slouching And Poor Posture

Your body is in a proper posture when it follows the spine’s natural inward curve. But sitting down causes you to unconsciously slouch. Your spine will start to curve the wrong way and cause back pain.

But your body will unconsciously slouch and the spine will start to curve in the wrong direction. Staying seated for many hours with a poor posture will eventually cause lower back pain.

Try to keep your spine healthy while sitting down by minding your posture. Consider gravity as an invisible force that pulls in a downward direction, like a vertical rod and align your body vertically to spare your back from all this pain.

Try to maintain your spine’s natural curve by standing for every 45 minutes of sitting down. Mind your posture and try not to slouch. Put a pillow at your back to support your back.

Squeezes Your Lumbar Discs

When your body is in an upright position, it puts your spine in proper alignment. This minimizes the pressure it would normally endure. Sitting down on the other hand forces your spine to compress. This compression in your vertebrae causes your discs to squeeze.

A compressed spine is one of the biggest culprits of chronic back pain because it damages the cartilage that cushions your vertebrae. When the discs are damaged, your spine cannot withstand the shock it normally can easily endure.

According to Vernikos, the reason behind our body’s response to prolonged sitting down is due to our natural instinct to move. Prehistorically, we moved a lot to hunt for food and to seek shelter. The pain is caused by our body’s innate need to survive from injuries.

6 Ways That Sleep Improves Your Health

sleeping wellDid you know that people are supposed to have at least seven hours of sleep every night in order to stay healthy? Most of us do not get this much sleep regularly. In fact, by sleeping 7 to 9 hours every night, you can experience outstanding health related benefits.

Once you understand what these benefits are, you may be more motivated to get this much sleep on a nightly basis. Here are six ways that sleep improves your health substantially.

Improves Your Health

Studies have shown that one of the most prominent benefits of sleeping is that you can avoid chronic problems that so many people have. A lack of sleep has been associated with obesity, heart attacks, and diabetes just to name a few of the problems. Those that do not get enough sleep, or that work all night, are likely to experience these problems in their life. A comfortable mattress can be a huge help, use the layla mattress coupons to get the best price.

Reduces Physical Bodily Pain

The reason that sleep can help minimize the amount of pain that you feel each day is that it gives your body time to recover. You may work at a job which is very physical, and your muscles will need time to recover, which can only be done if you are sleeping enough.

Improves Your Sex Life

Although there are pharmaceutical drugs, as well as natural remedies, for improving your libido, sleep is much more effective. People that do not sleep enough are not able to have good sex. For men, it improves their ability to achieve and maintain erections. For women, it allows them to enjoy sex more and experience more orgasms.

Helps You Prevent Accidents

When you are tired, your ability to be aware of your surroundings is greatly diminished. Your brain is not going to function at an optimal level. Therefore, your ability to make mistakes is going to be enhanced. This is true for almost any activity which could include walking, working, or driving.

Improves Your Mood

If you have ever encountered someone that is not happy, they are more than likely tired. Although they may have other things going on in their life, the stress in their life is likely causing them not to sleep. If you are able to sleep more, this actually helps your body and mind recover, allowing you to feel much better throughout the day.

Can Help You Lose Weight

People that are obese, or noticing that they are gaining weight, should sleep as much as possible. When your body is able to rest for an average of eight hours, you will actually lose weight as a byproduct of getting enough rest.

Additional Reasons That You Need to Sleep So Much

There are a few other reasons that getting a minimum of seven hours of sleep at night is essential. First, your ability to process information will be enhanced. If you are going to school, or simply trying to do your job at work, if you are sleep deprived, processing information will not be easy. Getting plenty of rest is also mandatory if you are working out regularly.

It will give you the energy that you need to do your exercises, and also recover from what you are doing. Finally, sleep helps you look younger, and also feel rejuvenated, benefits that can be yours if you get enough rest.

These are just six of the many different reasons that sleep can improve your life. If you are working full-time, going to school, and raising a family simultaneously, it will be difficult for you to find the time to get plenty of rest. However, if you can somehow augment your schedule so that you can sleep at least seven hours a night, you will see dramatic improvements.

If possible, find a way to get as much sleep as you can so that you can experience the many benefits that are associated with those that sleep enough each night.

Common Injuries That Causes Hip Pain

The hips can withstand repetitive motions and fair numbers of wear and tear. The ball and socket joint in the hips are the largest in the body, and it is with good reason – this anatomical space allows fluid movement.

When you try to move your hips (for example by walking, running or dancing), the cartilage in the ball and socket prevents friction and cushions some of the shock that the hips encounter.

Despite how strong your hip muscles and bones are, they are not indestructible. As you age, the cartilage can wear down to the point of damage. When it happens. you can easily fall out of balance and most likely get injured.

Other age-related conditions and physical issues contribute to the pain as well. For younger people, hip pains are usually injury-related or caused by overuse of the muscles.

Here is a rundown on the hip problems that a persona can experience in his or her lifetime.

Hip Flexor Strain

The hip flexors are a group of muscles that work together to lift your thighs upward. These collective of muscles also contribute to lifting your trunk while in a lying down position, especially during sit ups.

A hip flexor strain is associated with tightness or pain at the hips and is usually caused by poor physical fitness, excessive and repetitive hip motions, or tears to the acetabulum – the cartilage lining that cushions the joint.

Osteoarthritis in the Hip

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative condition resulting from the wear and tear of the muscles and ligaments in the hips. As this disease progresses, the cartilage in the hips become thinner and inflammation occurs.

In some cases, the protective cartilage wears down altogether to the point of inflicting excruciating pain to the person. The symptoms of osteoarthritis will develop slowly over the number of years. One possible natural solution to remedy this pain is to use dietary supplements like the turmeric curcumin by earthwell, which has been shown to produce good results.

Rectus Femoris Tendon Rupture

The rectus femoris is one of the powerful quadriceps muscles in your body. This tendon rupture at the top of the muscle near the hips is a result of explosive movements or overuse.

The rectus femoris is a muscle that crosses two joints and is used to lift up and extend the knees. As the main cause of this problem is excessive use of the muscle, many professional football players and runners suffer from this problem.

Hip Sprain

For those who had a dreaded experience with a so-called hip sprain, they know this type of injury occurs when one of your ligaments surrounding the hip joint gets too stretched or extended. Thank God this type of accident very rarely happens but it can occur to people who experience a powerful pull on the leg (likely caused by accident or trauma), forcing the ligaments to overstretch.

The pain is always evident at the front part of the hips and this is due to the thigh bone being forced backwards. You can differentiate hip strain between hip flexor strain by lifting the thigh forward. If there is absence of pain, then you are experiencing hip strain.

Hip Tendonitis

Hip tendonitis is the inflammation of the tendons in the hips. This condition usually occurs when the hip tendons are in a lot of strain, either caused by abrupt physical activity or biochemical problems.

The first symptom is some tenderness on the specific point of the hips where the tendon originates. The hips may also feel tight, especially in the mornings after you wake up.

Ilium Apophysitis

Ilium Apophysitis is an injury that results to a dull pain at the front of the hips. This usually occurs among children and adolescents who still have underdeveloped and soft apophysis in the hips.

Younger people involved in sports usually suffer from this, especially those who suffer with tight hip muscles. If the muscles keep on pulling on the apophysis this can result in irritation or inflammation on this area.

People who are suffering from hip pain may be experiencing a simple muscle strain that can be relieved by stretching. But it could also be caused by serious injuries that would possibly require surgery. Call your doctor if you are experiencing hip pains that are associated with redness, swelling and warmth around the joints for more than two weeks.

Relationship between posture, mobility and stability

The human body is a complex system of systems stacked upon each other, each relying on the other. It is important to know that when one area of the body is in pain, the surrounding parts are also likely to develop a problem. This means when one body part is in pain, it is very likely that its surrounding areas are also experiencing a problem.

In this article, let us talk about lower back pain. What exactly causes it?

There are many reasons why your back is prone to pain. Back pain happens when there is a problem in your spinal joints, muscles, discs or nerves. Sometimes, the issue may start with a simple muscle tightness which then radiates to spinal problem.

The back is supposed to stay steady while the hips remain mobile. But when a person experiences lower back pain due to poor hip flexor muscles, they also suffer from tightness resulting to less movements and unstable spine. This means when dealing with a problem such as back pain, we need to think of it as an integrated system.

To prevent the back from flexing or extending and keep it steady, the hips should be mobile enough to withstand our movements. If the hips are mobile and flexible, the spine will stop wobbling from trying to carry your weight and it will remain stable.

Why is mobility and flexibility important in preventing pain? Let us first define what mobility and flexibility means and how important they are to our health.

Mobility usually happens because of the existence of your joints. It is the area where two bones meet and it is the space where surrounding tissues, muscles, tendons and ligaments are out of the way. Think of mobility as the range of unhibited motion happening in the joint. When a person has a good mobility, he or she can perform any movement without restrictions.

Flexibility on the other hand is the range of motion in a joint or the distance and direction that the joint can move. It directly correlates with range of motion and mobility, but does not directly correlate with balance, strength and coordination.

In contrast, mobility requires coordination, balance and strength to perform a certain movement. Flexibility on the other hand may not require the same factors as mobility does. This means a person who is flexible does not automatically mean that he or she has great mobility.

Knowing which area in the body that needs the right approach is a massive step towards getting out of pain and improving movement. When there are tight muscles, there are also weak muscles. One big mistake people make when trying to alleviate back pain is that they immediately address the weakness of their back by trying to slowly incorporate strength training.

While building muscle strength is important in preventing pain, the back will never be fully restored to its optimal health when its lack of motion (caused by tightness of the muscle, in this case tight hip flexors) is not addressed.

The key to addressing back pain is to identify the tight areas first and apply corrective strategies next. After these steps are taken, you can now work on strengthening the muscles to prevent the pain from coming back.

Many therapist will work on your mobility first for one reason only – the joints are restricted (at the thoracic spine) it will be difficult to stretch the muscles. This can be easily identified by a chiropractor or a massage therapist.

When back pain has already progressed, it is important to see a practitioner and join a treatment program. Although there are many remedies to back pain, your case might already require mobility drills and extensive muscle stretching.